Sunday, October 23, 2011

Early Detection of Retina Cancer

Cancer of the retina is usually referred to as retinoblastoma.
This cancer is a malignancy that occurs in a layer of pigment cells in the area behind the eye that oeka to light.
Eye cancer can strike anyone, but in general the disease often occurs in children younger than 5 years.

The initial symptoms
Initial symptoms usually occur in retinablastoma is:
  1. No white in the center circle of the eye or the pupil when light bounces in the eyes, like a camera flash exposure or so-called cat's eye amaurotik.
  2. Direction of the eye look different from each other / cross-eyed.
  3. Eye redness, eye pain swelling and pain.
  4. Visual impairment, blindness can occur.
  5. And the last iris in both eyes having different color.

There are two forms of retinoblastoma:
  1. Genetic type.
  2. Sporadic type.
In general, bilateral genetic type, whereas the sporadic type is unilateral.

In general, remain unknown causes this type of cancer, but there is a possibility that this could be due to congenital conditions, genetic mutations in the retinal nerve cells that causes continues to grow and multiply themselves when normal cells are supposed to be dead.

The accumulation of these cells then form a tumor.
Retinoblastoma can invade into the eye and surrounding tissue.
Retinoblaastoma also can spread to other directions in the body, such as brain and spinal cord.
Possible child of one of those parents who suffer from retinoblastoma is 40 percent.

Immediately consult an ophthalmologist if terdpat suspicion of white patches on the child's eyes.
With so will do further tests such as eye examinations in a state of dilated pupils, eye ultrasound, CT scan and examination of cerebrospinal head.

As for the treatment of cancer of the retina is dependent on the size and location.
If small, can be treated with laser surgery.
While in retinoblastoma that has spread outside the eye can be therapeutic treatment with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Alternative medicine for this should consult with an ophthalmologist.
If the cancer does not respond to treatment, may need to be removed.

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